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Last updated on July 17, Medical terminology is difficult enough, but how do you interpret these prescription directions written in code? But there may be more to know about this shorthand than meets the eye.
Looking for the list of medical abbreviations? Click here to access the table below. Apothecary prescription abbreviations, like the ones you might see written by your doctor on your prescription or a hospital medication order, can be a common source of confusion for healthcare providers, too.
In fact, an unclear, poorly written or wrong medical abbreviation that leads to misinterpretation is one of the most common and preventable causes of medication errors.
All abbreviations can increase the risk for incorrect interpretation and should be used with caution in the healthcare setting. Health care facilities and practitioners are expected to take action and set internal standards to prevent these common - and potentially dangerous - medical errors.
Some of the typed or computer-generated abbreviations, prescription symbols, and dose designations can still be confusing and lead to mistakes in drug dosing or timing.
In addition, when these abbreviations are unclear, extra time must be spent by pharmacists or other healthcare providers trying to clarify their meanings, which can delay much-needed treatments.
Historically, poor penmanship and lack of standardization was the root cause of many of the prescription errors. Today, many prescriptions are now submitted via electronic prescribing e-prescribingelectronic medical records EMRsand computerized physician order entry CPOEwhich has helped to lower the rates of these medical errors. However, discrepancies between structured and free-text fields in electronic prescriptions are common and can lead to medical errors and possible patient harm.
Drug names may often be abbreviated, too. For example, complicated treatment regimens, like cancer treatment protocols or combination HIV regimens, may be written with drug name abbreviations.
These types of errors can be linked with severe patient harm. Numbers can also be misinterpreted with regards to decimal points.
List of medical abbreviations: D
Also, the lack of a leading zero, for example. The Joint Commission notes an exception to the Trailing Zero warning. It may not be used in medication orders or other medication-related documentation. Common abbreviations are often used for modified-release types of technology for prescription drugs, although no true standard exists for this terminology. Many drugs exist in special formulation as tablets or capsules - for example as ER, XR, and SR - to slow absorption or alter where the dissolution and absorption occurs in the gastrointestinal tract.
Timed-release technology allows drugs to be dissolved over time, allows more steady blood concentrations of drugs, and can lower the number of times a drug must be taken per day compared to immediate-release IR formulations. Enteric-coated formulations, such as enteric-coated aspirin, help to protect the stomach by allowing the active ingredient to bypass dissolution in the stomach and instead dissolve in the intestinal tract.
See the table for timed-release technology abbreviations. Practitioners, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physician assistants and nurse practitioners, should be very familiar with the abbreviations used in medical practice and in prescription writing. All drug names, dosage units, and directions for use should be written clearly to avoid misinterpretation.
Pharmacists should be included in teams that develop or evaluate EMRs and e-prescribing tools. According to the Joint Commission, health care organizations can develop their own internal standards for medical abbreviations, use a published reference source with consistent terms, and should ensure to avoid multiple abbreviations for the same word.
However, internal enforcement and consistency are always the key. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. More drug approvals. Skip to Content. Print Share. Click here to access the table below Apothecary prescription abbreviations, like the ones you might see written by your doctor on your prescription or a hospital medication order, can be a common source of confusion for healthcare providers, too.
Drug Name Abbreviations Drug names may often be abbreviated, too. Confusing Numbers Numbers can lead to confusion and drug dosing errors, too. Trailing zeros on medication orders Numbers can also be misinterpreted with regards to decimal points.To view other topics, please log in or purchase a subscription.
Davis and Unbound Medicine. Find 65, medical and nursing definitions. Download to iPhone, iPad, and Android. Complete Product Information. We're glad you have enjoyed Taber's Online! As a thank-you for using our site, here's a discounted rate for renewal or upgrade. Not now - I'd like more time to decide. Renew my subscription. Taber's Medical Dictionary. Tags Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter. Citation Venes, Donald, editor. Davis Company, Taber's Onlinewww. Medical Abbreviations.
In: Venes DD, ed. Davis Company; Accessed February 6, In Venes, D. Davis Company. Medical Abbreviations [Internet]. In: Venes DD, editors.I have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and an ICD. Is it possible to get breast implants with an ICD? I have no further symptoms: I workout and run 6 days a week, in good shape and only 27 years old.
Related to myocardial infarction MI : Acute myocardial infarction. Occlusion of one or more of these blood vessels coronary occlusion is one of the major causes of myocardial infarction. The occlusion may result from the formation of a clot that develops suddenly when an atheromatous plaque ruptures through the sublayers of a blood vessel, or when the narrow, roughened inner lining of a sclerosed artery leads to complete thrombosis. Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease in the United States and many other countries.
The risk rises rapidly with age, women tending to develop the disease 15 to 20 years later than men. Other causes of MI may be attributed to a sudden increased unmet need for blood supply to the heart, as in shock, hemorrhage, and severe physical exertion, and to restriction of blood flow through the aorta, as in aortic stenosis.
The most common sites of myocardial infarction are in the left ventricle, that chamber of the heart which has the greatest workload.
Tissue changes that occur in the myocardium are related to the extent to which the cells have been deprived of oxygen. Total deprivation results in an area of infarction, in which the cells die and the tissue becomes necrotic. Necrosis in this area is evident within 5 to 6 hours after the occlusion. In response to this necrosis the body increases its production of leukocytes, which aid in removal of the dead cells. As collateral circulation enlarges, it brings fibroblasts, which form a connective tissue scar within the area of infarction.
Usually, the formation of fibrous scar tissue is complete within 2 to 3 months.
List of medical abbreviations
Immediately surrounding the area of infarction is a less seriously damaged area of injury. It may deteriorate and thus extend the area of infarction or, with adequate collateral circulation, it may regain its function within 2 to 3 weeks. The outermost area of damage is the zone of ischemia, which borders the area of injury. The cells in this area are weakened by decreased oxygen supply, but function can return usually within two to three weeks after the onset of occlusion.
All of the pathological changes described above can be identified by electrocardiography. The information thus obtained is used to prescribe the varying degrees of physical activity allowed the patient during convalescence. Risk Factors. Unavoidable traits that increase a person's chances for coronary artery disease include genetic susceptibility, sex, increasing age, and diabetes mellitus.
Factors that can be controlled to some extent in order to ameliorate the risk include hypertension, cigarette smoking, and elevated serum lipids. Almost half of the persons who have suffered heart attacks have a history of one or more of these latter three risk factors. Minimizing or eliminating these avoidable factors can reduce the incidence and severity of ischemic heart disease. Preventive measures are discussed more fully under heart.
Pallor, profuse perspiration, and other signs of shock are present. There may be nausea and vomiting, leading to the mistaken impression that the victim is suffering from acute indigestion. In almost all cases of severe MI the patient is extremely apprehensive and has a sense of impending death.
Severity of symptoms may depend on the size of the artery at the point of occlusion and the amount of myocardial tissue served by the artery.The healthcare field is full of technical terminology, including a number of medical abbreviations that are used to complete patient chartswrite prescriptionscommunicate general needs and bill for services.
Being able to access a medical abbreviation list can help you take control of your healthcare needs. When describing the condition of a patient or assigning a diagnosis, medical staff may use some of these abbreviations.
It's always advisable to consult with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other medical professional about any and all medical terminology that's confusing or unclear.
Only those within the medical field can truly decipher the multitude of abbreviations in the industry. If all this jargon has stirred up your interest, then you'll definitely enjoy this article on Medical Suffix Meanings. Home Abbreviations Medical Abbreviations List. Medical Abbreviations List.
List of Common Abbreviations in Medicine The following medical abbreviations list has been organized into a number of basic categories. General Terms These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. Prescription These abbreviations are used in the context of prescription drugs.
Care When it comes to medical care, a variety of medical abbreviations are also commonly used. Diagnosis or Condition When describing the condition of a patient or assigning a diagnosis, medical staff may use some of these abbreviations.
Body Description Medical professionals may refer to different parts of the body using abbreviations too. Check Your Abbreviations It's always advisable to consult with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other medical professional about any and all medical terminology that's confusing or unclear.
Post a comment.Anterior cerebral artery. Americans with Disabilities Act. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Medical abbreviations. Latin abbreviations Prescription abbreviations Acronyms in healthcare Abbreviations for medical organisations and personnel Abbreviations for diseases and disorders.
Categories : Lists of medical abbreviations. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Refers to priority of needs in emergency situations. Exact spell-out and details after "C" vary by institution, but the "ABCs" theme is recurrent. Acute Blood Loss Anemia.
Doxorubicin adriamycinbleomycinvinblastinedacarbazine first-line treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma. Advance care planning, Advanced Clinical Practitioner. Alzheimer's disease acute distress Aortic dissection right ear from Latin auris dexter as directed. AIDS dementia complex. Apnea-Hypopnea Index . Autoimmune hemolytic anemia. American Joint Committee on Cancer.
Atypical Chest Pain. Advanced trauma life support.Medical abbreviations are a shorthand way of writing and talking by medical professionals people who work to help sick people to hurry explanation of diseases sicknesspatients, or medicines drugs. This shorthand can include shortening making less lengthy of longer disease names, by cutting the word down to its base the Latin or Greek part that makes it. Medical professionals also create make words that mean something.
An example of this is "stat", used to indicate show that something needs to be hurried done faster. It is from the Latin "base word" statim, meaning quick. A very commonly often used shorthand is shortening things on order forms for patients. An example is, "pre-op" meaning pre-operation patient who is being prepared for surgery.
These can be very complicated and extensive meaning there is a lot of them. Despite the fact that this shorthand might make it difficult for new Interns new doctors or recently trained nurses to get used to this unofficial language, it has been shown to improve make better the speed of treatment in hospitals.
Medical authorities in the United Kingdom and elsewhere have questioned the use of medical shorthand; believing that it can lead to mistakes being made due to less clear communication and have advised doctors to avoid its use.
Medications can be given in different ways routes. Abbreviations for the most common routes are: . Doctors use many different abbreviations to say when to take a medication. It is helpful to remember that doctors use the letter "q" to stand for "every.
For example, "qAM" stands for "every AM" morning. Here are some of the most common: . Some drugs and medications have common abbreviations. Here are some examples: . Common abbreviations that have to do with the human body include: . There are many different kinds of medical specialties. These are kinds of doctors that treat people with certain kinds of problems. Abbreviations for medical specialties include: . Many health problems have common abbreviations.
For example:  . Common abbreviations for infections include:  . Common abbreviations for mental health problems include: . Doctors often talk about common medical tests and treatments by using abbreviations.Common Medical Abbreviations and Terms (and some favorites)
Examples of these abbreviations include:  . Other abbreviations used in medicine include: . From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved Spinal Cord Resource Center. United Spinal Association. Archived from the original on March 10, Retrieved February 22, The Pharmaceutics and Compounding Laboratory.Check out words from the year you were born and more! We're intent on clearing it up. Build vocab with Puku today!
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Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Master today's medical vocabulary. Become an informed health-care consumer! Advice from your pals. How to read signs of their confusion. Style and usage changes of note. We're gonna stop you right there.
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